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Cancer mortality continues steady decline, driven by progress against lung cancer

in :  2020, News
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The cancer death rate declined by 29% from 1991 to 2017, including a 2.2% drop from 2016 to 2017, the largest single-year drop in cancer mortality ever reported. The news comes from Cancer Statistics, 2020, the latest edition of the American Cancer Society’s annual report on cancer rates and trends. The steady 26-year decline in overall cancer mortality is driven by …

Through my eyes: Surviving cancer twice

“Helen, I’m so sorry to tell you that you have stage 4 ovarian cancer.” I will never forget hearing those words. Nothing could ever prepare you for hearing your doctor say you have cancer. My life flashed before my eyes. I was in disbelief. How could I have cancer for the second time in my life? I was only 48 years …

Does talc powder cause ovarian cancer?

Does using powder in the genital area increase the risk of ovarian cancer? A new data analysis of over 250,000 women found no link, but the authors urge caution as the study may not be large enough. Some people use powder on their genitals to reduce moisture, friction, or odor. Most powder products, which some people call talcum powder or …

Why do some cancer treatments stop working?

Cancer treatments can work in lots of different ways, aiming to kill tumor cells or keep them under control. Ideally they cause tumors to shrink, but drugs can also be considered successful if they stop tumors growing. But unfortunately, the effects don’t always last forever. Sometimes a drug can have an initial effect on a cancer’s size or growth, but …

Providing more testing choices does not increase colorectal cancer screening rates

Offering patients the choice between home screening or in-office colonoscopy does not increase participation in colorectal cancer screening, according to a new Penn Medicine study. However, the framing of choice did impact patient decision-making, as the proportion of colonoscopies—the gold standard for colorectal cancer screening—fell when the home screening option was presented as an available option. This study was published …

Mobile app gives cancer patients better quality of life

Although comprising only one eighth of the global population, Europe has a quarter of the total number of cancer cases worldwide. Each year, there are around 3.7 million new cancer cases on the continent, and this figure is expected to increase by at least 65 percent in the next 2 decades. The anticipated rise in the number of patients means …

New report shows overall cancer mortality on the decline

Overall mortality rates continue to decline, according to the most recent Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer. Cancer mortality has declined, but certain demographic groups are more at risk than others. This report, which appears in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, was a joint effort among the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control …

Cancer: New compound boosts chemo, prevents treatment resistance

in :  2019, News
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Researchers may have found a way to stop cancer cells from defending themselves against chemotherapy. In a new mouse study, blocking a DNA repair pathway prevented cancer cells from surviving or becoming resistant to treatment. Researchers screened 10,000 drugs and found a compound that boosts cisplatin. Graham Walker, the American Cancer Society Research Professor of Biology at the Massachusetts Institute …

New study estimates preventable cancer burden linked to poor diet in the US

in :  2019, News
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A new modeling study estimates the number, proportion, and type of specific cancers associated with the under or overconsumption of foods and sugar-sweetened beverages among American adults. The analysis is one of the few to focus on the modifiable risk factors for cancer connected to food intake in the United States. The study, published today in JNCI Cancer Spectrum, estimates that …

Precision drugs could unmask cancers to immune system and boost effects of immunotherapy

Precision cancer drugs called PARP inhibitors have a previously unknown ability to boost the immune system, and could help many more patients benefit from immunotherapy, a new study reveals. Scientists found that PARP inhibitors sparked a powerful immune response when used against cancer cells with weaknesses in repairing their DNA. The study changes our understanding of how PARP inhibitors work—and suggests they …

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